Diet for Dialysis Patients

A kidney-friendly diet will help keep your body in balance and make sure that you get the nutrition you need to stay healthy.

Illustration of a man and woman seated at a table

Understanding what you should and should not eat while on dialysis is an important part of treating your chronic kidney disease (CKD). Maintaining a balanced diet – including carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and liquids – will provide you with a good foundation for staying healthy while on dialysis. Listening to your clinician or dietician’s advice about what your body needs is essential, particularly if it means changing some of your current habits.

Mother daughter preparing dialysis meal together

Adjusting Your Diet for Dialysis

As a patient starting dialysis treatments, you need to make many adjustments to your daily life. As your clinician may have told you, this can include changing what you eat and drink. Because your kidneys are not able to filter waste and extra fluid out of your body the way they should, your diet needs to exclude certain types of foods for your body to stay healthy and balanced throughout treatment.

Adopting a more kidney-friendly diet does not need to be a challenge. Being mindful of your dietary needs throughout your treatment journey can help you feel and do your best.

Preparing a dialysis friendly diet

General Diet Guidelines on Dialysis

Specific dietary restrictions for dialysis differ from person to person. However, there are some general guidelines all patients should follow, whether on haemodialysis (HD) - including home haemodialysis (Home HD) - or peritoneal dialysis (PD).

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Therapy-Dependent Diet Guidelines

Your optimal dialysis diet is determined by your age, weight, level of kidney function, and what type of dialysis you're on, as well as whether you've other health conditions – such as hypertension, high cholesterol, or diabetes. Dietary requirements are the same for people being treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD), including home haemodialysis (Home HD). However, there are a few key differences to keep in mind.

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Holding hand for emotional support about dialysis

Mental health and kidney disease

Sharing your emotions is essential to preserve your mental and physical health while living with dialysis. Learn more about mental health and kidney disease.

Elderly friends happily talking to each other about living well with dialysis

Talking about dialysis

The support and advice of your loved ones may help you gain a new and valuable perspective on what you are experiencing. Learn more about talking about your condition.

Elderly couple with rings holding hands

Sexuality and kidney disease

It is possible for you to maintain intimate relationships while you’re on dialysis. Learn more about sexuality and dialysis.