There are two main types of dialysis: Haemodialysis (HD) and Peritoneal Dialysis (PD).
In HD, the blood is run through a dialyzer, often referred to as an artificial kidney, and returned to the body in a continuous process. The process usually takes around 3-5 hours and can be done at a dialysis centre. It is typically performed at least 3 times per week.
In PD, the blood is cleaned inside the body using the natural lining of your abdomen (peritoneal membrane) as a filter and a special sterile dialysis fluid which flows into and out of your abdomen. PD is done at home and typically performed daily, either manually during the day in 3-4 short sessions (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis) or automatically using a machine called a cycler (Automated Peritoneal Dialysis) once for the entire night.
When choosing the type of dialysis, it is important to consider multiple factors such as your living situation, lifestyle, and pre-existing health conditions. The decision will be taken together by you and your healthcare team, who will explain the options suited to you. The selected treatment type can be re-evaluated and changed later if required.